Doctor showing medical resultPulmonology is a sub-specialty of internal medicine. It involves the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of different health conditions in the lungs and the respiratory tract.

Following are the common health conditions that your doctor of Pulmonology in Salem deals with.

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic condition. Its symptoms include periodic chest tightness, wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. An asthma attack happens when the airways become narrow because of inflammation. This restricts the proper airflow to and from the lungs.

Bronchiectasis

When there are widening and damage in the bronchial airways, bronchiectasis happens. There is swelling in the bronchial tubes, and small pockets appear. The infection then develops. The condition may be congenital or acquired because of recurring lung infections. Inhalation of a foreign object may also cause bronchiectasis.

Asbestosis

Constant exposure to microscopic asbestos fibers can cause lung tissues to scar. Industrial and construction workers are at higher risk of acquiring asbestosis.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis occurs because of an infection in inflamed airways. The condition may be chronic or acute (short-lived). Some of the symptoms are wheezing, fatigue, shortness of breath, mucus-producing cough, and mild fever.

Occupational Lung Disease

The condition often happens in work environments where there is exposure to toxic or irritating substances. Exposure to the substances may cause chronic or acute respiratory disorders. Repeated exposure or a single severe exposure can cause the disorder.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Also known as COPD, the condition is a term for a cluster of lung diseases. These involve inflammation of the airways, limited airflow, and lung tissue damage. The most prevalent forms of COPD are emphysema and bronchitis. A COPD patient finds it difficult to breathe because of partial obstructions in the tubes that deliver air to and from the lungs. Cigarette smoking is the primary cause of the disease. Long-term exposure to various lung irritants can also contribute to the disease. These include chemicals and dust.

These are a few of the most common disorders that affect the lungs and the respiratory tract. Visit your pulmonology doctor once you notice signs of lung or respiratory problems.